Landscape In Your Home! Most Popular Garden Design Styles

In a contemporary world that is frequently obscured by buildings and artificial, man-made constructions, gardens may enhance our lifestyle, keep us in touch with nature, improve our health, brighten our days, and most importantly, gardens can relieve the load of stress. It is absolutely normal and vital to breathe fresh air, touch the soil, feel the breeze on your face, or jump on water components since people have an innate craving for the natural environment. It’s a fantastic way to relax, develop priorities for yourself, and take care of something. Additionally, creating your own garden design is a great way to improve your mood and appreciate the outdoors, where you can spend quality time with your loved ones.

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Your family’s demands for amusement, solitude, and enjoyment are met by the appropriate landscape, even as those needs evolve. A fantastic approach to raising the value of your house and creating outside places for entertaining and relaxing is by updating the landscaping around your home. There are numerous alternatives and features to think about, whether you want to concentrate on improving your curb appeal with a reinvented front yard, construct a rear get away with eating and gathering facilities, or both. Start by deciding what you want in your new landscape and understanding which type of garden suits better the climate, your own preferences, the soil, and site conditions. Sometimes it’s crucial to know how big the place you want to design and decorate is, what kinds of white trees you may plant there and if you have enough room to impose additional design aspects like soft scape and hardscape.

When starting a landscape design for your home, let your imagination flow freely and start putting all the pieces together. Every so often, take a step back to survey the full scene and how each element fits together. In order for you to have a broad understanding of which sort of garden design suits you better and makes you feel more comfortable, we will introduce ten garden design styles and types. 

1. COTTAGE GARDEN

Using a casual design, conventional materials, dense plantings, and a blend of beautiful food plants, the cottage garden is a unique style. The English-born cottage garden is dependent on elegance and allure. This style dates back to the 1870s as a contrast to the more formal, meticulously kept estate gardens with their formal layout and mass plantings of greenhouse annuals. In contrast to the traditional cottage garden, many cottage-style gardens are built around homes and even estates, such as the more exclusive “garden”. With an apparently carefree assortment of flowers, herbs, and vegetables sometimes crammed into a short space, the cottage garden design has an unstructured appearance. Cottage gardens have a formality and design that contribute to their beauty and allure. They frequently have modest, rectangular plots with functional roads and hedges or fences because ofspace restrictions. Modern cottage gardens usually use local plants and flowers and don’t look staged or pompous. There is an artistically intended irregularity in place of beautiful curves or magnificent geometry.

Beds may be as broad as necessary, borders can extend all the way to the house, and lawns can be substituted with flowerbeds or tufts of grass. The materials used for arbors, paths, and fences are conventional or antique-looking. A cottage garden has a more relaxed, less conventional appearance thanks to its wooden fences and gates, local stone or brick walks, and natural-material arbors. Natural-looking materials with classic finishes are also used for decorations, furniture, and pots. The rose is a flower that is representative of this kind of garden. In contrast to the gangly modern hybrid tea roses, shrub roses, climbing roses, and classic garden roses with rich foliage is always connected with cottage gardens.

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2. URBAN GARDENS

In accordance with minimalism’s guiding principles, urban garden designs are centered around a single focal point. Urban gardens must fulfill several requirements, including offering a place to cultivate, unwind, play, and entertain. The majority of urban gardens are transformed into either useful areas or tranquil retreats where you may unwind after a long day in the metropolis. The garden’s fundamental geometry is limited by the carefully chosen plants. Sometimes decorative components are the focal point of urban garden designs. Highly individualized patterns are made using fountains, sculptures, and abstract art. A larger center is frequently created using materials like mirrors, steel, and water, which makes the garden’s individual pieces look bigger and gives the impression of a vast expanse. Small decorative trees or bushes make up the majority of the vegetation. The focal point can sometimes be achieved by placing a clump of plants in the center of the garden and using another feature to draw the eye there.

3. INTERIOR GARDEN

The idea behind indoor gardening is rather simple: It is the practice of indoor plant gardening. Because of a lack of outside space, chilly weather, or just to bring the beauty of nature inside, you can decide to grow a garden indoors. In addition, indoor gardens provide several advantages for daily life at home, from enhanced health to increased productivity. This is so that indoor contaminants may be removed by indoor plants. We may improve our productivity by boosting our focus and contentment through indoor landscaping. These practical and aesthetic advantages of the indoor landscape could influence everyone’s decision to create an indoor garden within their home.

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4. ROOFTOP GARDEN

A garden atop a building or a vegetative layer cultivated on a rooftop is known as a “green roof” or “rooftop garden.” 

Roof gardens can be built only for aesthetic purposes so that family members can unwind by sitting or reading a book above the structure. But at the same time, we can get more benefits by applying it. Green roofs offer shade, absorb heat from the atmosphere, and lower air and roof surface temperatures. In addition to being aesthetically pleasing, roof plants may also offer nourishment, temperature regulation, hydrological advantages, architectural benefits, animal habitats or corridors, recreational possibilities, and on a big scale, ecological advantages.

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5. CONTEMPORARY MINIMAL GARDEN

It is important to suggest a contemporary or minimal garden in our home when we lead busy lives and engage in activities that might create stress, especially in large cities, as this offers an oasis of calm and a chance for both physical and mental renewal. Minimal gardens, whether little or large, are more than just a few plant collections; they have evolved an outdoor room that provides convenience, style, and comfort. 

Sometimes we find excuses due to lack of enough room to facilitate a garden, but with minimal design, there are no more excuses. A contemporary minimalist garden may be strong and attractive without requiring a lot of maintenance or money. With a contemporary minimal garden, you may engage your senses and provide moments of rest and delight. In addition to its obvious personal benefits, a contemporary minimal garden may enhance and even increase the value of your house by creating a “wow” factor.  

A contemporary minimalist garden entails appropriate planning and consideration for how the area will be split, edging and shape definition, arranging the plants in a regular and minimalist form, and the right use of materials. We require a modern-style house with the outside treatment that will be applied to the landscape.

6. ZEN GARDEN

Zen gardens are a particular type of Japanese garden. A Zen garden is often tiny, encircled by a wall or structures, and intended to be viewed from a single point outside the garden. Zen gardens were popular in temples and monasteries, but nowadays they are very popular in other building typology applications as well, especially residential one. It produces a tiny stylized scene by meticulously arranging rocks, water features, moss, manicured trees and shrubs, and raking gravel or sand to resemble ripples in water. They were designed to resemble the essence of nature, not its physical look, and to serve as an aid for meditation.

Zen Buddhist monks developed the first Zen gardens to help in contemplation. They then started utilizing the gardens to teach Zen ideas and concepts. Even though the gardens’ design and structure have evolved throughout time, the underlying framework remains the same.

Sand and gravel are the primary building materials of a Zen garden. Sand is frequently designed in curved and round forms to represent the imitation of the sea. The stones have their own symbolism when placed on top of the sand, if they are straight and the vertical ones symbolize the trees, while the round ones signify the fire. A Zen garden should not have a pond or be located near a body of water.

7. BALCONY GARDEN

The word balcony garden implies that we are dealing with a garden growing on a building balcony. Not everyone has the pleasure of living in a residential space with outside spaces. Many of us live in apartments where interaction with nature, earth, and water is difficult. As a result, starting your own gardening on your balcony must be the finest decision you’ve ever made. While the benefits of having more room, soil, water, and options are clear, gardening on the balcony offers numerous advantages over a ground-floor garden.  Because every balcony is different, gardening should be adapted to your specific environment. As a result, when creating your balcony garden, you need to take care of three unique elements: the floor, the railing, and everything else. A balcony gardening design aspect might include pot arrangement, containers, greenery, seating space, wall hanging plants, and so on.

8. COASTAL GARDEN

Coastal gardens are known for their sturdy vegetation that can withstand salt exposure, high winds, and sandy soils that don’t hold water or nutrients. The most crucial component of designing a coastal garden is to use the water and the circumstances it generates as inspiration. Gardens along the seaside will often have better light levels and be warmer in winter than those further inland, allowing you to cultivate a wider variety of fragile plants.

In the summer months, these beautiful getaways embrace their surroundings and provide the ideal setting for resting, entertaining, and outdoor eating. Make the most of the landscape’s inherent, raw beauty by working with it. Exotic plants that flourish in seaside gardens include bottlebrushes (Callistemon), Torbay palms (Cordyline), and daisy bushes (Olearia).

9. SIDE GARDEN

When the front or back yard is too small to accommodate a larger garden, a side garden can be used. Architecture and design are always about finding a solution within the constraints of your current situation or place. As a result, in smaller spaces, we attempt to explore vertical planting rather than horizontal gardening. We can add some structural shade-loving plants, stepping stones, and a fast-growing ground cover to bigger walks. At times, we may elect to decorate and add ornamental finishes to the fence’s wall. You can choose vegetation that grows on its side, a wall of pots with draped greenery or even herbs, or a climbing wall plant or vine.

side from the ten styles covered in this article, there are other additional forms of gardening that anyone may explore to bring life to their living area. The only thing that matters is inventiveness and not being scared to include our preferences and preferences into creating a healthier, more appealing living environment that promotes the desire to stay at home.


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Ataraxiaarch is an architect, interior designer and a PhD Candidate in Theory of Architecture. She holds a Bachelor of Architecture and Master in Built Environment. Aside from her dedication to architectural and interior design projects, her love is photographing everything that strikes her attention.

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