Modern Architecture And The Famous 5 Modernity Points

Le Corbusier, one of the most famous and significant architects of the 20th century, established five points that subsequently became the cornerstones of modern architecture. These five principles were used as a structural basis for most of his work, especially in the Villa Savoye project completed in 1229. Thereafter, these concepts were adopted and developed by other architects in several projects other than residential.

But what are these five points? The 5 points of modernity are as follows:

  1. Pilotis,
  2. Free Plan,
  3. Free Façade,
  4. Horizontal Window.
  5. The Roof Garden,

Elevating a structure on piles opens up the floor for people and vehicles to move about. This innovative technique is utilized to create open spaces by creating a greater link between the public realm and the private areas of the buildings.

Maisons La Roche-Jeanneret Photo: Olivier Martin Gambie – Image source:


An open floor plan is one that has no internal walls or structural partitions. Area separation is accomplished through careful planning and the placement of furniture that defines the space as it will be utilized. This style of layout gives the whole floor of the building flexibility and creates the illusion of a huge area.

Villa Savoye living room – Image source: Pinterest


The façades were totally detached from the columns and beams, allowing the exterior walls to feature windows and openings without being constrained by the columns in between. A floor layout without internal walls allows for more window space. In this manner, openings and windows are as long as the façade itself, like in Le Corbusier’s buildings and other modern architectural buildings. Furthermore, the façade was not disturbed by exterior ornamental features or works, giving it a clean and simple simplicity.

Bauhaus Building by Walter Gropius (1925–26) – Image source:


The horizontal windows, which were made achievable by the supporting structure of the columns inside the exterior walls, enable the most light to penetrate the building. Perhaps Le Corbusier’s renowned statement “The outside is the result of an inside” inspired the layout of windows as wide as the building’s outside wall.

Gongshu Intelligence Valley’s Eye / E+LAB – Image source:


Roof gardens have become very popular and widely applied practices In the last decades. The origins of this element is linked back to Le Corbusier’s advocacy for greenery and the importance of saving nature. His intention was not only to bring nature inside the home; but also no section of the land loses its greens due to the building plinth should be lost, therefore the area lost due to the building footprint should be applied back either vertically or horizontally. The roof garden of Villa Savoye is well-known making Le Corbusier’s fifth point of modern architecture Green roof gardens are being employed in the majority of buildings worldwide because of the positive effects they have on noise, pollution, temperature, and acoustics. Many institutional, commercial, social, and educational buildings have gardens installed on their flat roofs.

Wirkbau Chemnitz Roof Garden – Image source:

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Ataraxiaarch is an architect, interior designer and a PhD Candidate in Theory of Architecture. She holds a Bachelor of Architecture and Master in Built Environment. Aside from her dedication to architectural and interior design projects, her love is photographing everything that strikes her attention.
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