Designing Spaces For Kids With ADHD

Children with ADHD are hyperactive, sensitive to the surrounding environment, and have difficulty concentrating, which impacts how they interact with others in social and academic situations as well as their behavior at home. It is not sufficient to merely have a good desire to understand their attitude and be more considerate and tolerant towards them as individuals, also contribute and assist in making their lives easier.  By this point, their acceptance and non-discrimination should be taken for granted.  

Brella Childcare, Los Angelos, Darien Williams, Yasmeen Khan of Rectangle Design Studio, and studio Project M Plus. Source:

The surrounding environment is crucial for everyone and should accommodate each individual to the fullest extent, whether they are hyperactive, autistic, or in a wheelchair. Although it may appear inconsequential, it is difficult to separate the physical environment in which we are all situated from our living and learning activities. Therefore, the key to children’s development is establishing a safe environment where they can feel comfortable. Since the house is a child’s first and most essential setting and may have a significant impact on a child’s life, I would advise parents to make their homes as orderly and structured as possible for their children with ADHD in order to provide them with a safe and healthy environment.

There is no set or standard design that can address every situation or work for every family in an unwavering way since every child is different and can react to the problems of ADHD in various ways. However, the following are some general suggestions:

  1. Create a tranquil ambiance. Know your kid well; identify the objects or things that cause discomfort and get rid of them as much as you can. Messy places frequently make us feel anxious and burdened, even for those who do not have the AHDH symptom. Electronics and toys that he doesn’t play with or like should be removed from the room. Replace the drawers with shelves, and hang clothing on the wall using hooks.
Source: Pinterest

2. Use a simple aesthetic with a minimal amount of furniture and busy embellishments. The mental burden of a space full of furniture, decor, or accessories can be reduced by keeping highlights simple with “a monochromatic color scheme” and not a messy room with equipment or furniture all over the place. This will provide the child with a sense of tranquility while avoiding unneeded irritations.

3. Materials: Soft furnishings bring warmth and comfort. It is proven that soft fabrics provide a pleasant environment. You may use rugs in place of a rough carpet, and you can place a small cushion on wooden chairs. The use of soft materials not only creates a pleasant and stable atmosphere, but it also offers highly safe surroundings for the toddler to play in.


4. Colors: The colors utilized for the walls, the bed cover, the curtains, and the room decorating all play a significant impact. Ex: White is a chilly, harsh hue that might make you anxious. Red is a vibrant, high-energy hue that makes children more agitated and stressed out. Warm earth tones are good for calming the nerves. Blue hues are said to promote relaxation and attention while lowering the heart rate and breathing frequency. In general, stay away from primary colors and adhere to soft, earthy, pastel hues (green, beige, and brown).


5. A pleasant and creative place. Choose a spot on the wall where the youngster may write down his to-do list or, if he needs to express himself, paint or draw. It may be a white chalkboard or a blackboard that you can write on. At the same time, giving them a place to unwind, read a book, or otherwise relax helps them when they are anxious. It may be a chair at the window or a tent in the distance. Better still, you may suggest a hanging chair that will allow your child to relax and play when he is bored.


6. Light: The use of a gentle light has an impact on the person’s ability to settle down. Light-refracting pendants or layered lighting fixtures can be used to create lighting. One of the finest aspects of soft lighting is that there are no sharp shadows; the light simply blends together. It helps your space feel more natural, warm, and pleasant.


What is more crucial is for us to recognize that every individual must be capable of rapidly orienting themselves throughout their entire environment, such as home, school, or various institutions. We are able to assist all children with ADHD symptoms to meet our anthropological and emotional nature more readily by upgrading the home design features in such areas. Obviously, the house is the most significant environment that has an undeniable impact on children’s growth and development. 

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Ataraxiaarch is an architect, interior designer and a PhD Candidate in Theory of Architecture. She holds a Bachelor of Architecture and Master in Built Environment. Aside from her dedication to architectural and interior design projects, her love is photographing everything that strikes her attention.

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